SAFETY IN HANDLING HEALTH CHALLENGES 

                     SAFETY IN HANDLING HEALTH CHALLENGES 

What causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

The cause of Ebola hemorrhagic fever is Ebola virus infection that results in coagulation abnormalities, including gastrointestinal bleeding, development of a rash, cytokine release, damage to the liver, and massive viremia (large number of viruses in the blood) that leads to damaged vascular cells that form blood vessels. As the massive viremia continues, coagulation factors are compromised and the microvascular endothelial cells are damaged or destroyed, resulting in diffuse bleeding internally and externally (bleeding from the mucosal surfaces like nasal passages and/or mouth and gums and even from the eyes [termed conjunctival bleeding]). This uncontrolled bleeding leads to blood and fluid loss and can cause hypotensive shock that causes death in many Ebola-infected patients.

What are risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

The risk factors for Ebola hemorrhagic fever are travel to areas with reported Ebola infections (see current CDC travel advisories for African countries). In addition, association with animals (mainly primates in the area with reported Ebola infections) is potentially a health risk factor according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Another potential source of the virus is eating or handling “bush meat.” Bush meat is the meat of wild animals, including hoofed animals, primates, bats, and rodents. Evidence for any airborne transmission of this virus is lacking. During Ebola hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, health care workers and family members and friends associated with an infected person (human-to-human transfer) are at the highest risk of getting the disease. Researchers who study Ebola hemorrhagic fever viruses are also at risk of developing the disease if a laboratory accident occurs. Caring for infected patients who are near-death or disposing of bodies of individuals that have recently died of Ebola infection is a very high-risk factor because in these situations, the Ebola virus is highly concentrated in any blood or bodily secretions. Caregivers should wear appropriate full-length personal protective equipment (See the CDC site

What types of health care professionals treat Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

Because Ebola infections can spread rapidly to others and because patients can easily infect health care workers, the CDC and other agencies recommend that only highly trained personnel treat Ebola patients. This treatment involves high-level barrier techniques to protect all health care professionals (hospital care workers, nurses, doctors, lab technicians, janitors, and hospital infectious-disease-control personnel). Unfortunately, these trained individuals and resources are often not available in the Ebola high-risk areas. Ideally, individuals diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S. should be treated in specific designated treatment centers and treatment monitored by the CDC. Types of specialists who may treat Ebola-infected patients are emergency medicine specialists, infectious disease specialists, critical care doctors and nurses, pulmonologists, hematologists, hospitalists, and hospital infection-control personnel.

What is the contagious period for the Ebola virus?

For those patients who survive infection, they may remain contagious for approximately 21-42 days after symptoms abate. However, health care professionals can remove the viruses from semen, breast milk, spinal column, and ocular fluids. It is unclear, according to the CDC, if these fluids can transmit viruses, although the CDC suggests that Ebola can be spread by semen and suggest male survivors of the disease abstain from sex or use a condom for all sexual activity.

What is the incubation period for the Ebola virus?

Ebola virus disease symptoms and signs may appear from about 2 to 21 days after exposure (average incubation period is e8 to 10 days). It is unclear why some patients can survive and others die from this disease, but patients who die usually have a poor immune response to the virus. Patients who survive have symptoms that can be severe for a week or two; recovery is often slow (weeks to months) and some survivors have chronic problems such as fatigue and eye problems.

How do health care professionals diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

Physicians preliminarily diagnose Ebola hemorrhagic fever by clinical suspicion due to association with other individuals with Ebola and with the early symptoms described above. Within a few days after symptoms and signs develop, tests such as ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on antigen capture), RT-PCR (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction), and/or virus isolation can provide definitive diagnosis. Later in the disease or if the patient recovers, it’s possible to detect IgM and IgG antibodies against the infecting Ebola strain. Similarly, health care professionals usually perform studies using immunohistochemistry testing, PCR, and virus isolation in deceased patients for epidemiological purposes. 

According to the CDC and others, standard treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever is still limited to supportive therapy. Supportive therapy is balancing the patient’s fluid and electrolytes, maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure, and treating such patients for any complicating infections. Any patients suspected of having Ebola hemorrhagic fever should be isolated, and caregivers should wear protective garments. Currently, there is no specific medical treatment for Ebola hemorrhagic fever according to the CDC. The CDC recommends the following medical treatments for Ebola-infected patients:

  • Providing intravenous fluids (IV) and balancing electrolytes (body salts)
  • Maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure
  • Treating other infections if they occur

Health care professionals transport patients diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S. to special hospitals certified to treat Ebola patients. (Contact the CDC immediately for information for experimental vaccines, treatment protocols, and patient care and/or transfer to an appropriate facility.) The special hospitals were certified because of the problems experienced in a Texas hospital where the first patient in the U.S. was diagnosed with Ebola and subsequently spread the disease to hospital workers. Experimental medical treatments of Ebola infections include immune serum, antiviral drugs, possible blood transfusions, and supportive care in an intensive care hospital facility approved by the CDC to treat Ebola infections.

What are complications of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

Ebola hemorrhagic fever often has many complications; organ failures, severe bleeding, jaundice, delirium, shock, seizures, coma, and death (about 50%-100% of infected patients). Those patients fortunate enough to survive Ebola hemorrhagic fever still may have complications that may take many months to resolve. Survivors may experience weakness, fatigue, headaches, hair loss, hepatitis, sensory changes, and inflammation of organs (for example, the testicles and the eyes). Some may have Ebola linger in their semen for months and others may have the virus latently infect their eye(s).

Male patients may have detectable Ebola viruses in their semen for as long as six months after they survive the infection. Researchers consider the chance of being infected with Ebola from semen is very low; however, they recommend utilizing condoms for six months; some experts suggest a longer time.

It is apparent that we don’t know everything about how to cure Ebola infections. A physician thought to be cured of Ebola, Dr. Ian Crozier, in fall 2014 developed burning light sensitivity in his eyes. He returned to Emory University where he was treated and after several tests, he was found to have Ebola infection in his eyes. However, only the fluid removed by needle from his eyes showed viable virus; his tears and the outer membrane of his eyes had no detectable virus. Consequently, health care professionals considered the patient not to be able to spread the virus. One of the complications was that his blue eye color turned green. Fortunately, for Dr. Crosier, treatment with steroids and antiviral agents allowed his eyes to return to normal. This unusual circumstance has suggested that follow-up eye exams are likely to be important in patients who survive Ebola infections.

What is the prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

The prognosis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever is often poor; the death rate of this disease ranges from 25%-100%, and those who survive may experience the complications listed above. However, early diagnosis and treatment of Ebola may greatly increase the patient’s chance for survival. Unfortunately, this disease has been mainly located in countries where medical care is often difficult to obtain, especially in rural areas of Africa. Statistics available on the ongoing 2014-2016 outbreak of Ebola are summarized below:

  • Total suspected, probable, and confirmed infections worldwide equal 28,616, and total deaths equal 11,310 for a death rate or death toll of approximately 41%. An occasional new infection (at a low level) and deaths of current patients are unlikely to change these numbers substantially as the epidemic outbreak has ended according to the CDC. Fortunately, this epidemic of 2014-2016 did not become a pandemic but did show how rapidly a relatively rare disease like Ebola can rapidly infect a large number of individuals in this modern-day society.

Is it possible to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever? Is there an Ebola vaccine?

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The main way to prevent getting Ebola hemorrhagic fever is to not travel to areas where it is endemic and by staying away from any patients who may have the disease. Medical caregivers may protect themselves from infection by strict adherence to barriers to the virus (wearing gloves, gowns, goggles, and a mask). People can disinfect surfaces with alcohol-based (70%) wipes.

The following are the recommendations from the CDC to prevent getting Ebola (EVD) from an infected person. Avoid the following:

  • Contact with blood and body fluids (such as urine, feces, saliva, sweat, vomit, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids)
  • Items that may have contacted an infected person’s blood or body fluids (such as clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment)
  • Funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who died from EVD
  • Contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals (bushmeat) or meat from an unknown source
  • Contact with semen from a man who had EVD until you know the virus is gone from the semen

In addition, after leaving an area affected by EVD, individuals should monitor their health for 21 days; if a person develops any symptoms, he or she should immediately seek medical care and inform the medical caregivers of his or her exposure to Ebola.

Fortunately, in December 2016, researchers reported on a human clinical trial of rVSV-ZEBOV vaccine that was apparently effective and relatively safe for vaccination against Ebola disease. The researchers used people (contacts) exposed to Ebola patients during the outbreak in a trial following similar procedures (“ring of exposure”) used to eliminate smallpox. Researchers randomly assigned the Ebola case exposure patient to get the vaccine at day 0 or 21 days later after being identified as a new case exposure. Although many vaccinated people developed side effects of injection-site pain, mild headache, fatigue and muscle pain, most individuals recovered within a few days and none develop long-term problems. The study involved 11,841 people. The vaccine was 100% effective in patients who obtained the vaccine at day 0 and those day 0 individuals who had no symptoms within 10 days (due to the approximate average incubation period of Ebola). There were 23 new cases of Ebola in patients who got the vaccine 21 days later. Three adverse events occurred in the vaccinated population; one had a febrile reaction to the vaccine, one experienced anaphylaxis and one experienced flu or flu-like symptoms but all recovered and remained healthy. Consequently, many investigators consider this vaccine to be a safe and effective vaccine. There is a stockpile of 300,000 doses in reserve for future outbreaks. The vaccine is in limited supply and not licensed by the FDA. Health care professionals use this vaccine in the same way to limit the spread of Ebola in the DRC in the 2018-2019 outbreak. Time will tell if the “ring of exposure” method of vaccination will stop the outbreak.

 

What is the latest research on Ebola hemorrhagic fever?

Although a relatively safe and effective vaccine is now available to clinicians under certain conditions, research goes on. One problem is that the antibody generated against the glycoprotein in the vaccine may only be effective against one strain of Ebola, but not against the other strains. Readers should expect additional vaccines to become available in the not-too-distant future.

Where can people find more information about Ebola?

The following are several references that we update periodically to provide recent information about Ebola viruses and Ebola disease:

  • World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/csr/don/13-may-2017-ebola-drc/en/
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — 2014-2016 West Africa outbreak: https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/2014-west-africa/

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors

    INDIAN STUDENTS IN GERMANY 2020-2021 WISE SCHOLARSHIP!

      INDIAN STUDENTS IN GERMANY 2020-2021 WISE SCHOLARSHIP!

    Are you interested in studying, doing research or teaching in India or in the region? Have you thought about doing an internship or learning a foreign language abroad? Here you can find all the information about Wise scholarship for Indian Students to study in Germany.

    The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is pleased to award the Wise Scholarship to its Indian students to study in Germany. The scholarship is available in the fields of science and technology

    The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) is pleased to award the Wise Scholarship to its Indian students to study in Germany. The scholarship is available in the fields of science and technology.

    DAAD Scholarship for Indian Students

    DAAD supports more than 100,000 German and International students and researchers worldwide each year, making it the largest funding agency of its kind in the world. We also encourage internationalization efforts in German universities, help developing countries build their own higher education systems and support study programs in German and German abroad.

    Our Artists in Berlin program is one of the most recognized International scholarship programs for artists.

    The DAAD regularly awards prizes for outstanding achievements in the fields of International academic exchange, German language and literature, German as a foreign language and German studies.

    Also recognized are the excellent support initiatives for foreign students in German higher education institutions, as well as the excellent achievements of foreign students during their stays in German higher education institutions.

    DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) is the largest German support organization in the field of international university cooperation.

    About Working Internships in Science and Engineering (WISE)

    The program is open to Indian science and engineering graduates who wish to undertake a research internship at a German higher education institution or a research institute financed by public funds.

    The main responsibilities of the DAAD include granting scholarships, promoting the internationalization activities of German universities and research organizations, strengthening the German language and studying languages abroad, and assisting developing countries in the creation of productive educational higher institutions.

    DAAD is also the National Agency for EU Cooperation in Higher Education.

    The purpose of the scholarship is to support Indian students who wish to do a research internship at a German university or research institute funded by the state.

    DOZYTECH popular searched Scholarships 2020

     

    Don’t miss any of these Scholarship opportunities. You can open any of these opportunities on a new tab.

    Level/Field of Study

    The scholarship is available to Indian students. The scholarship is awarded in the field of Science and Technology.

    Host Nationality

    Scholarships may be accepted in Germany.

    Eligible Nationality

    Indian candidates can apply for the scholarship.  You can check our scholarship by country to access all scholarships available.

    Scholarship Worth

    The scholarship includes the following:

    • A monthly scholarship of 750 euros for university students (the monthly payment will be calculated daily, that is, 25 euros per day).
    • A flat rate travel subsidy of €1,050.
    • Payments for sickness, accident and civil liability insurance covered by the DAAD.
      selection

    The duration of scholarship 

    A research stay of 2 to 3 months between May and August. Internships of less than 60 days and more than 90 days can not be supported by this program.

    Eligibility

    Students wishing to apply must meet the following criteria:

    • Applicants must belong to one of the selected Indian universities (list of institutions).
    • The list of selected entities is influenced by, but not limited to: AICTE accreditation, NAAC accreditation, MHRD assessment, INI (National Significance Institute) status prior to 2010 and student availability of 4 and 5 years of masters.
    • Candidates must be enrolled in programs that can be divided into general areas such as engineering, mathematics and science.
    • Candidates must be enrolled in the fifth or sixth semester of a four-year undergraduate degree or in the fifth, sixth, seventh or eighth trimester of an integrated five-year university degree (Bachelor / Master) of five years. years.
    • Applicants must not be former WISE Fellows.
    • Prerequisites for the English language: Very good English skills expected

    More Requirement

    • The applicant must have a general percentage of 85% or more or the MBM of 8.5 / 10 and more of all semesters completed at the time of application.
    • All transcripts of completed semesters must be sent.
    • The candidate must be a registered student of your institution. It is necessary to obtain a “certificate of no objection” and a “certificate of registration” during the duration of the internship of the institute of origin.
    • These forms are available in the “Application procedure” category of the program announcement.
    • The candidate must be in possession of a letter of invitation from a German professor that appears on the letterhead of the German university or the research institute.
    • A duly completed “approval form” (see “Application procedure”) of the German host is also required.
    • Both documents must clearly indicate the exact dates of the start and end of the internship.
    • The candidate must submit a CV and a brief research proposal with the documents mentioned above.
    • Linguistic competences
    • No German skills are required.
    • A very good command of the English language is expected.

    How to Apply

    The application process for DAAD scholarship for indian students is carried out online through the DAAD portal. You must also send a copy of the “Summary of the application” (PDF file), generated in the DAAD portal after the online application process, as well as a reference by an Indian university professor by mail to the DAAD office at New Delhi.

    Access to the DAAD Portal opens approximately 6 weeks before the application deadline. Students who wish to apply must meet the following criteria:

    1. Documents to download in the DAAD portal.

    Online application form

    • Complete curriculum vitae
    • DAAD form “Certificate of registration” completed by the institution of origin as proof of the current registration.
    • Form of “Certificate of no objection” of DAAD completed and stamped by the institution of origin.
    • Invitation letter from the German supervisor.
    • DAAD form “German host approval form” completed by the German supervisor.
    • Certificates of university degree indicating the final grade (s).

    2. To be sent by mail.

    • The “Summary of the application”, generated in the portal in PDF format and can be printed once the online application process is completed. Please send a copy to the DAAD office in New Delhi
    • A recent reference from an Indian university professor who provides information about the candidate’s qualifications (see the form on the DAAD application portal)

    Please note that the names and surnames in the application form must be identical to those in the passport.
    Note that access to the application portal only appears when the current application period is running. Once the application deadline has expired, the portal for this program will no longer be available until the next application period.

    Application Deadline

    November 1st every year.

    Place of application
    German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
    Regional office in New Delhi
    c / o DLTA complex, R.K. Khanna Stadium, 1 Africa Avenue,
    New Delhi 110029
    India
    WWW: www.daaddelhi.org/en

    AVAILABLE Indian Scholarships-APPLY NOW!

                       AVAILABLE Indian Scholarships-APPLY NOW!

    UPDATE FOR INDIAN STUDENTS- INDIAN GANDHI SCHOLARSHIP2020!

    The Indira Gandhi Scholarship for single girl child came about due to the common belief among rural households that girls are supposed to stop schooling after reaching puberty because more often they are married off. This Indira Gandhi scholarship I open to both undergraduate and postgraduate students.

    The Indira Gandhi Scholarship for single girl child came about due to the common belief among rural households that girls are supposed to stop schooling after reaching puberty because more often they are married off. This Indira Gandhi scholarship I open to both undergraduate and postgraduate students.

    This is because they feel that the girl child is a valuable resource for housework and in the fields, also an additional hand that cannot be wasted away through education with almost invisible gains and far too heavy a price that most poor families cannot afford to pay.

    Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child 2020

    Also, statistics have shown that India has the highest number of child brides in Asia and inevitably there is this belief surrounding young girls that educating them is a waste of time and money as they are born only to be married off and manage the household of their family.

    India has been ranked 105 among 128 countries in its Education for All Development Index, so there is much work to be done to enhance education in India; particularly to women’s access to education.

    Indira Gandhi scholarship 2020

    It is absolutely vital that we integrate the belief among women that they must stand on their two feet and the only feasible way to achieve this is through education and its proper implementation. One way to make the families more interested is by making the school come right to them rather than sending their girls to school far away from home by implementing more mobile schools across rural India.

    The University Grants Commission(UGC) has announced the Indira Gandhi Scholarship 2019 for the Single Girl Child. Candidates who wish to apply for the UGC Indira Gandhi Single Girl Child Scholarship under SGC Scheme can get all the information here.

    Level/ Field of Study

    This Indira Gandhi Scholarship for undergraduate and post-graduate programs is open to students in any field of their choice.

    Host Nationality

    This Indira Priyadarshini Scholarship is to be taken in INDIA

    Eligible Nationality

    The scholarship is available to INDIAN NATIONALS to further their education.

    Scholarship Benefits

    The scholarship allows the applicant the opportunity to further their studies. it is a full scholarship. Value of Scholarship is Rs.2000/- per month for a period of two years only

    Objective Of the Indira Gandhi Scholarship 

    Union Government of India has planned out the scheme to uplift the status of women by supporting the postgraduate education of single girl child in non-professional courses only and by recognizing the value of observance of a small family norm.

    Target Group For The PG Indira Gandhi Scholarship

    This scholarship is a single child scholarship. Therefore, only those girl students who are admitted to various non-professional PG courses in Universities/Colleges and happen to be the only girl child in the family without having any brother or the girl student who are twin daughters/fraternal daughter may also apply for a scholarship under the aforesaid scheme.

    Eligibility for Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Undergraduates

    To apply for the Indira Gandhi Scholarship for undergraduates, applicants must fulfil the following criteria:

    • A female aspirant who will be a single girl child of her parents will be eligible to apply for the concern.
    • The scheme is applicable to such a single girl child who has taken admission in regular, full-time 1st year Masters Degree course in any recognized university or a post-graduate college.
    • This scholarship is available to PG-I year student only. Admission to PG Course in Distance education mode is not covered under the scheme.

    Eligibility for Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Postgraduate 

    To apply for the PG Indira Gandhi Scholarship, applicants must fulfil the following criteria:

    • The girl must be the only girl in the family.
    • She needs a student who has finished class 10 at the CBSE board and the total cost of level 11 and 12 will be covered by this program.
    • The reference can also be extended to students who have completed grade 12 from the same board.
      The grant applies to students who are in general or vocational training.

    Age limits for the UGC Indira Gandhi Scholarship

    Applicants for this scholarship should not exceed 30 years at the time of admission for the PG courses.

    Selection Process For the Gandhi Scholarship 2020

    Selection would be made by the Expert Committee as per the procedure of the commission. Result in respect of the list of selected candidates will be uploaded on the UGC website www.ugc.ac.in.

    Details for the Indira Gandhi Fellowship

    Selected 3000 girls for the above-declared scheme will obtain a number of Rs.36,200/- year as a fellowship amount which is provided by the University Grants Commission (UGC) for Post Graduate Indira Gandhi Scholarship.

    Who are not Eligible to Apply for Indira Gandhi Scholarship 2020?

    • If any Deemed University is not getting any grant from Government or UGC then its students cannot apply.
    • If no college is getting help from the state or centre government then its students cannot also apply for Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child.
    • Aspirants pursuing PG in distance mode will not eligible to apply.

    Nature of Assistance Available Under the Scheme

    • The total number of slots for scholarships may be decided every year on the basis of eligible application correct in all respects, received through online mode against the advertisement to be published in National Dailies as well as on the UGC website.
    • Simultaneously, the award letter will also be uploaded on the UGC website which may be downloaded with the respective ID generated at the time of processing of the submission of their application form through online mode.
    • It is expected from the institutions where the student has taken admission in the first year PG course, no tuition fees will be charged by the institute from girl students to pursue PG degree course in Universities/Colleges/Institutions covered under UGC Act.
    • Value of Scholarship is Rs.2000/- per month for a period of two years only (10 months in the year) i.e. full duration of a PG course.

    How to fill online application for Indira Gandhi Scholarship Single Girl Child Scholarship for PhD students?

    The UGC Indira Gandhi Scholarship is currently not on. However, when it’s ongoing, the following steps should be followed:

    • Willing aspirants need to firstly log on to the official website of University Grant Commission that is scholarships.gov.in.
    • Scroll down the home page and hit on “UGC Schemes” tab.
    • A drop-down list will be opened at your screen from where you have to select “PG Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child” link.
    • Select “guidelines” tab written in front of the above-given link.
    • Read all the provided instruction carefully and then select “apply now” button available on the page.
    • Enter the ID and password to log in and then press the “login” button.
    • Now, fill the Indira Gandhi Scholarship online application form with correct details.
    • Upload copies of your documents (if applicable).
    • Then save and continue.
    • Lastly, submit your details within a given time.
    • At last, download duly filled the application form and print out a copy of it to avoid any trouble in future.

    Indira Gandhi Scholarship >> Apply From Here

    Hit Here >> New Student

    Press Here >> Register Here

    Attachments / Documents To Be Submitted for the Indira Gandhi Scholarship

    • Candidate should upload scanned copies of an affidavit on Rs.50/-stamp paper duly attested by SDM/First Class Magistrate/Gazetted Officer.
    • Copy of Joining report from college/university where the student has taken admission to 1st year Post Graduation course.

    Attention, please!!!

    The application form should be filled correctly otherwise, the organization has full authority to cancel it.

    Indira Gandhi Scholarship 2020 Last Date 

    Last Date to Apply Online for this Indira Gandhi single girl child scholarship for PhD students 2020 is normally dated for the 30th of November.

    AVAILABLE U.K- Scholarships APPLY NOW!

                             AVAILABLE U.K- Scholarships 

    2020-PROGRAMME THOMSON REUTERS JOURNALISM TRAINEE APPLY NOW!

    Are you a smart, ambitious or early-career reporters who desire to join the global team to partake in the 2,500 Reuters Trainee Programme 2020, and tell the stories that matter? Applications are now open for the Reuters Trainee Programme 2020.

    Thomson Reuters Journalism Trainee Programme 2020

    Are you a smart, ambitious or early-career reporters who desire to join the global team to partake in the 2,500 Reuters Trainee Programme 2020, and tell the stories that matter? Applications are now open for the Reuters Trainee Programme 2020.

    In this article, you will be properly guided on all you need to know about the Reuters trainee programme 2020, explore carefully not to miss out any vital information.

    About the Reuters Trainee Programme

    Reuters news reaches a global audience of more than 1 billion people each day. From politics and finance to sports and showbiz, they are also committed to fast, accurate and independent reporting.

    However, in everything they do, they strive for insight and impact.

    Also, check out What Can You Do with a Journalism degree? Career & Salaries

    What is the programme worth?

    • Opportunity to become a staff correspondent or video journalist if you perform strongly
    • Successful candidates will be remunerated in the currency of the bureau in which they are placed, in line with global Thomson Reuters policies.

    What are the Programme Eligibility Requirements?

    The Reuters trainee programme 2020 includes:

    • A clear commitment to a career in journalism
    • Proven ability to tell rich stories in words, video or both
    • Drive to build sources and break news
    • Ability to generate original, relevant story ideas
    • Fluency in spoken and written English
    • Fluency in relevant languages, e.g. Mandarin, Cantonese, Arabic, Farsi, Spanish
    • Up to 3 years of professional journalism experience
    • Proven ability to generate exclusive, agenda-setting stories
    • Experience of shooting or editing video
    • Knowledge of finance and economics
    • Experience in data journalism or investigative reporting
    • Photography skills
    This programme is hosted in London, England.

    $5,000- Dosomething.org Scholarships 2020!

    $5,000- Dosomething.org Scholarships 2020!

    Students often avoid looking for and applying for scholarships because they fear that they are not competitive enough or have a good chance of winning. Some students are also afraid of scholarship-related essays.

    you feel familiar with these challenges, we only have the wallet for you! Dosomething.org awards scholarships are for students seeking funding for their studies.

    These Dosomething Scholarships are among the easiest to apply for and are not based on academic achievement. Read below to learn more about Dosomething.org awards scholarships and the application process.

    About the Sponsor: Dosomething

    If It’s a global non-profit organization with the goal of motivating young people to make positive change both online and offline through campaigns that make an impact. The organization’s CEO is Aria Finger.

    The organization was co-founded in 1993 by American actor Andrew Shue and his childhood friend Michael Sanchez. He stated his motivation was to encourage young people to become active citizens and leaders while also making community involvement fun.

    Level/ Field of Study

    Dosomething.org Scholarships cover college programs.

    If you are searching for undergraduate scholarships or masters scholarships, you can click the links to various categories to find out other scholarships available to you in 2020.

    Host Nationality

    The Dosomething Scholarships 2020 is to be hosted by Dosomething in the USAThe Dosomething.org awards scholarships are to be taken in USA institutions. If you are an international student and you desire to study in the United States, Check out the best scholarships obtainable for study in the United State.

    Eligible Nationality

    The Dosomething Scholarships 2020 is available to USA citizens who are 25 years old or younger and live in the US or Canada (or are a citizen of either country, but living abroad). If you haven’t chosen a college or university yet, we’ll hold on to your money and there isn’t really a time limit. You can utilize these Fellowship opportunities to solve most of your academics problems. Check out other Fellowships you can apply for in 2020 to study in EuropeAfricaAsiaAmerica, etc.

    Scholarship Benefit

    Applicants of Dosomething.org Scholarships may win a scholarship of $1,000 to $ 5,000 if selected as winners

    Number of Dosomething Scholarships

    The number of Dosomething.org Scholarships offered in a year varies depending on the campaign.

    The Eligibility for Dosomething.org Scholarships

    Dosomething Scholarships 2020 are among the simplest we have seen so far. It really an organization that aims to remove barriers to funding for higher education. To participate in the Dosomething.org College Scholarship,

    • All applicants must be at least 13 years and 25 years or older.
    • Each candidate must receive a scholarship to finance his college studies.
    • All applicants must be resident in Canada or the United States. We promise you that you will not find a grant with more lax criteria than this award!

    How to Apply for Dosomething Scholarships 2020

    In order to apply, the students do not have to be enrolled in a university yet. If you are a young student who is not yet ready to attend college, and you are selected as a winner, the organization will keep your scholarship for an indefinite period until you decide to join an institution. The application notes are also very simple.

    The application process for Dosomething.org scholarships is in three steps. For this reason, they suggest that it only takes a few minutes to apply for this scholarship.

    • As a first step, applicants must volunteer for a campaign and register via this link.
    • The students finish the campaign.
    • Finally, each candidate must take a photo of themselves who have completed the campaign and upload

    Our scholarship winners are selected through a random drawing. Winners of each campaign will typically be announced 3 to 4 weeks after the close of the campaign and notified via text message or email.

    Dosomething Scholarships 2020 Deadline

    The deadline for Dosomething Scholarships 2020 registration is usually the last month for each campaign. Other campaigns focus on advocating for more fair types of school punishment, recycling, and cancer.

    This application does not require that students have a minimum average. In fact, there is no special application form. Many students love Dosomething scholarship because there are no essays that need to be completed. Also, do not rely on the opinion of a sponsor to get the prize.

    Dosomething.org awards scholarships Link

    IS Dosomething.org Scholarship legit?

    Yes, Do something.org Scholarship is legit. This scholarship was founded by actor Andre Shue and his childhood friend Michael Sanchez. since inception, DoSomething.org has awarded $1.2 million in scholarships over the past 6 years to over 300 winners. See last month winners here.

    IS Dosomething.org Scholarship legit?

    Yes, Do something.org Scholarship is legit. This scholarship was founded by actor Andre Shue and his childhood friend Michael Sanchez. since inception, DoSomething.org has awarded $1.2 million in scholarships over the past 6 years to over 300 winners. See last month winners here.

    SAFE – Systems and assurance framework for eye health!

    SAFE – Systems and assurance framework for eye health!

    The Framework provides the tools to help commissioners in developing a more strategic and consistent approach to planning and delivering services. DOZYTECH.COM.NG

    Developed by the CCEHC (2018), SAFE provides the basis for commissioners, provider organisations and clinicians to adopt a high level, strategic, systems-based approach for the planning, provision and commissioning of eye health and care services, covering whole pathways and operating across traditional service footprints. SAFE includes the following documents:

    SAFETY – Protecting Your Eyes at Work!

    SAFETY – Protecting Your Eyes at Work!

    Eye injuries in the workplace are very common. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports that every day about 2,000 U.S. workers sustain job-related eye injuries that require medical treatment. However, safety experts and eye doctors believe the right eye protection can lessen the severity or even prevent 90 percent of these eye injuries.
    Male wearing safety glasses
    Chemicals or foreign objects in the eye and cuts or scrapes on the cornea are common eye injuries that occur at work. Other common eye injuries come from splashes with grease and oil, burns from steam, ultraviolet or infrared radiation exposure, and flying wood or metal chips.

    In addition, health care workers, laboratory and janitorial staff, and other workers may be at risk of acquiring infectious diseases from eye exposure. Some infectious diseases can be transmitted through the mucous membranes of the eye. This can occur through direct exposure to blood splashes, respiratory droplets generated during coughing, or from touching the eyes with contaminated fingers or other objects.

    Workers experience eye injuries on the job for two major reasons:

    1. They were not wearing eye protection.
    2. They were wearing the wrong kind of protection for the job.

    A Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of workers who suffered eye injuries revealed that nearly three out of five were not wearing eye protection at the time of the accident. These workers most often reported that they believed protection was not required for the situation.

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires workers to use eye and face protection whenever there is a reasonable probability of injury that could be prevented by such equipment. Personal protective eyewear, such as goggles, face shields, safety glasses or full face respirators must be used when an eye hazard exists. The necessary eye protection depends upon the type of hazard, the circumstances of exposure, other protective equipment used and individual vision needs.

    What are the potential eye hazards at work?

    Workplace eye protection is needed when the following potential eye hazards are present:

    • Projectiles (dust, concrete, metal, wood and other particles)
    • Chemicals (splashes and fumes)
    • Radiation (especially visible light, ultraviolet radiation, heat or infrared radiation, and lasers)
    • Bloodborne pathogens (hepatitis or HIV) from blood and body fluids

    Some working conditions include multiple eye hazards. The proper eye protection takes all hazards into account.
    Female wearing safety glasses
    Computer Vision Syndrome, also referred to as Digital Eye Strain, describes a group of eye and vision-related problems that result from prolonged computer, tablet, e-reader and cell phone use. The average American worker spends seven hours a day on the computer either in the office or working from home.

    March is Save Your Vision Month and the American Optometric Association is working to educate both employers and employees about how to avoid digital eye strain in the workplace. To help alleviate digital eye strain, follow the 20-20-20 rule; take a 20-second break to view something 20 feet away every 20 minutes.

    Click here for helpful infographics about the 20-20-20 rule and digital eye strain.

    Occupations with a high risk for eye injuries include:

    • construction
    • manufacturing
    • mining
    • carpentry
    • auto repair
    • electrical work
    • plumbing
    • welding
    • maintenance

    The type of safety eye protection you should wear depends on the hazards in your workplace:

    • If you are working in an area that has particles, flying objects or dust, you must at least wear safety glasses with side protection (side shields).
    • If you are working with chemicals, you must wear goggles.
    • If you are working near hazardous radiation (welding, lasers or fiber optics) you must use special-purpose safety glasses, goggles, face shields or helmets designed for that task.

    Know the requirements for your work environment. Side shields placed on your conventional (dress) glasses do not provide enough protection to meet the OSHA requirement for many work environments.

    In addition, employers need to take steps to make the work environment as safe as possible. This includes:

    • Conducting an eye hazard assessment of the workplace
    • Removing or reducing eye hazards where possible
    • Providing appropriate safety eyewear and requiring employees to wear it

    Your optometrist can assist your employer and you in evaluating potential eye hazards in your workplace and determining what type of eye protection may be needed. See AOA’s Occupational Vision Manual for more information.

    How can I protect my eyes from injury?

    There are four things you can do to protect your eyes from injury:

    1. Know the eye safety dangers at your work.
    2. Eliminate hazards before starting work by using machine guards, work screens or other engineering controls.
    3. Use proper eye protection.
    4. Keep your safety eyewear in good condition and have it replaced if it becomes damaged.

    Female wearing safety glassesSelection of protective eyewear appropriate for a given task should be made based on a hazard assessment of each activity. Types of eye protection include:

    • Nonprescription and prescription safety glasses. Although safety glasses may look like normal dress eyewear, they are designed to provide significantly more eye protection. The lenses and frames are much stronger than regular eyeglasses. Safety glasses must meet standards of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Look for the Z87 mark on the lens or frame.

      Safety glasses provide eye protection for general working conditions where there may be dust, chips or flying particles. Side shields and wraparound-style safety glasses can provide additional side protection.

      Safety lenses are available in plastic, polycarbonate and Trivex materials. While all four types must meet or exceed the minimum requirements for protecting your eyes, polycarbonate lenses provide the highest level of protection from impact.

    • Goggles. Goggles provide protection from impact, dust and chemical splash. Like safety glasses, safety goggles are highly impact-resistant. In addition, they provide a secure shield around the entire eye and protect against hazards coming from any direction. Goggles can be worn over prescription glasses and contact lenses.
    • Face shields and helmets. Full face shields protect workers exposed to chemicals, heat or blood-borne pathogens. Helmets are used for welding or working with molten materials. Face shields and helmets should not be the only protective eyewear. They need to be used in conjunction with safety glasses or goggles, so the eyes are protected when the shield is lifted.
    • Special protection. Helmets or goggles with special filters to protect the eyes from optical radiation exposure should be used for welding or working with lasers.

    Safety glasses must fit properly to provide adequate protection. Also, eye protection devices must be properly maintained. Scratched and dirty devices reduce vision, cause glare and may contribute to accidents.

    Combined with machine guards, screened or divided work stations, and other engineering controls, using the correct protective eyewear can help keep you safe from any type of eye hazard.

    Can contact lenses be worn safely for industrial jobs?

    Contact lenses can’t provide significant protection from eye hazards in the workplace. However, there is no evidence that wearing contact lenses increases the risk of eye injury.

    Contact lenses may actually increase worker safety and productivity because they often provide improved vision in the workplace. Individuals who wear contact lenses usually have a wider field of vision than with eyeglasses. They also often have less visual distortion, especially with higher power lens prescriptions. In addition, wearing contact lenses instead of eyeglasses can improve the fit and comfort of eye safety equipment, such as goggles and full-face respirators.

    The American Optometric Association believes workers should be permitted to wear contact lenses in most eye-hazardous environments (see the AOA Guidelines for the Use of Contact Lenses in Industrial Environments). However, these workers must wear eye protection over contact lenses according to the requirements for all workers performing the same job.

    In some cases, such as when hazardous chemical fumes are present, the safety of contact lenses may need to be determined on a case-by-case basis. Check your employer’s safety policy regarding the wearing of contact lenses. Your optometrist can help your employer and you determine whether you can safely wear contact lenses in your workplace.

    What should be done in an eye emergency?

    Seek medical attention as soon as possible following an injury, particularly if you have pain in the eye, blurred vision or loss of any vision. Several simple first aid steps can and should be taken until medical assistance is obtained.Male wearing safety glasses

    First aid for chemicals in the eye:

    • Immediately flush the eye with water for at least 15 minutes. Place the eye under a faucet or shower, use a garden hose, or pour water into the eye from a clean container.
    • If you are wearing contact lenses, immediately remove them before flushing the eye.
    • Do not try to neutralize the chemical with other substances.
    • Do not bandage the eye.
    • Seek immediate medical attention after flushing.

    First aid for particles in the eye:

    • Do not rub the eye.
    • Try to let your tears wash the speck out, or irrigate the eye with an artificial tear solution.
    • Try lifting the upper eyelid outward and down over the lower eyelid to remove the particle.
    • If the particle does not wash out, keep the eye closed, bandage it lightly and seek medical care.

      Some particles, particularly metallic ones, can cause rusting spots on the eye if left untreated for several days. If you are unsure if the object is gone, do not delay medical care.

    First aid for blows to the eye:

    • Gently apply a cold compress without putting pressure on the eye. Crushed ice in a plastic bag can be placed gently on the injured eye to reduce pain and swelling.
    • In cases of severe pain or reduced vision, seek immediate medical care.

    First aid for cuts and punctures to the eye or eyelid:

    • Do not wash out the eye.
    • Do not attempt to remove an object that is stuck in the eye.
    • Cover the eye with a rigid shield, like the bottom half of a paper cup.
    • Seek immediate medical care.

    AREA OF CONCENTRATION. FOR Health and Safety Engineer?

    AREA OF CONCENTRATION. FOR Health and Safety Engineer?

    Health & Safety is a fundamental part of our lives today. Businesses are obliged to protection the health of their employees. We put systems and technology in place to mitigate human actions on the environment and do everything we can to ensure that the world around us is a safe place. Health & Safety Managers are tasked with ensuring that the environments around us are safe for everybody and everything. Health and Safety Engineers on the other hand, design environments, systems, technology, processes and procedures to minimize the potential for problems. They bridge the gap between engineering, R&D and health & safety to promote good practice – whether that is on our workplaces, at home or in the open environment.

    They also work “on the ground” alongside and consulting with health & safety trainers in the workplace to look at improvements and to explain the systems they have designed. As engineers, they can work almost anywhere depending on their background and training. They are proactive rather than reactive, meaning they work to anticipate and foresee potential problems with existing technologies. They will also install safety devices in environments and maintain, replace and upgrade them.

    Where Does a Health and Safety Engineer Work?

    Where they work depends on their background. They may be employed working to develop chemicals, technology or health and safety equipment. The majority of H&S Engineers work in manufacturing. Here, their roles are varied. They could work in the actual environment, ensuring that the factory is as safe a place as possible for the employees. They could work in research and development to ensure that the product(s) are safe for use.

    21% work in construction, fulfilling much the same roles. They may work on site ensuring that the processes, systems and technology are safe for those who work there. They may also be tasked with acquiring equipment, overseeing installation and maintaining it.

    10% of qualified health & safety engineers work in government roles – state and government. They will design and implement systems and technology for public buildings, ensuring they are safe for employees and visitors. 8% will work for engineering services and the remaining 4% work for management and scientific services.

    Regardless of their work environment, they spend most of their time in an office but will be required to do site visits too.

    What Is the Average Health and Safety Engineer Salary?

    Salary depends on the sector where they are employed. In 2015, the median salary for all H&S Engineers was $84,600. On the scale, the lowest 10% earned around $49,410 and the highest in the region of $130,770. Despite employing amongst the fewest numbers, engineering services businesses pay the highest salary with a 2015 median of $91,220. Management and scientific services and manufacturing paid around the median average. Government and construction came in around 10% lower than the media. Construction was $76,370 and government was $77,920.

    Health & Safety Engineering Jobs & Job Description

    Providing a safe and healthy workplace is a top priority for employers. It is the role of a Health and Safety Engineer to ensure the health and safety of the workers, clients and visitors in a workplace. The skill set required for this position includes:

    • A Bachelor’s degree in a safety or technical engineering field of study
    • Possess excellent computer skills as well as technical communication skills
    • Ability to work independently and as part of a team within the workplace
    • Acquire knowledge of health and safety engineering technology and principles
    • Provide health and safety training to staff and administration
    • Undergo regular health and safety assessments and audits
    • Capability to maintain accurate logs and reports of assessment information
    • Develop corrective action plans for assessment results and mentor staff to follow through with corrective actions
    • Attend to worker’s compensation cases and be knowledgeable about cases that occur in the workplace; determine details about the case and procedures that can be put into place to eliminate incident reoccurrence
    • Determine the personal protective equipment (PPE) that is required for the workplace and ensure that inventories are stocked appropriately
    • Comply with all health and safety laws and regulations and ensure that all staff are in compliance
    • Desire to improve and maintain the health and safety of all employees in the workplace

    A Senior Health and Safety Engineer will manage and oversee the health and safety programs on a larger scale. The skill set required for a senior position will include many of the skills required for an entry-level position as well as:

    • Hold a Bachelor’s degree in a safety or technical engineering field of study, as well as several years of experience managing and working in the field of health and safety
    • Capability to verbally communicate technical matters in a concise manner to different groups
    • Ability to ensure that corrective actions are being met and produce results authoritatively
    • Develop new safety training programs and provide these programs to staff
    • Capacity to multitask several projects at any particular time
    • Develop detailed budgets outlining health and safety needs of the company, such as required PPE and any maintenance costs of corrective actions
    • Manage and coordinate health and safety programs and initiatives
    • Develop health and safety policies and procedures
    • Oversee progress of corrective actions to ensure they are completed efficiently
    • Analyze all aspects of investigations related to health and safety at the workplace
    • Promote a safe work environment for all staff, customers and visitors

    What Is the Job Demand for Health and Safety Engineers?

    Between 2014 and 2024, demanded for health and safety engineering is expected to grow around 6%. This is slightly under the total demand increase for all jobs. They have always worked in traditionally dangerous environments such as factories and construction, but now other areas are taking up the health and safety cause. Public buildings, the natural environment, schools and hospitals are all obliged today to maximize their safety features. This is as much a cost cutting exercise as a safety exercise (reducing potential for litigation and damages payout). Much of the increased demand may be seen in independent consulting services as businesses look to reduce costs further and not retain H&S engineers on a permanent basis.

    What Are the Education Requirements to Become a Health and Safety Engineer?

    Health & Safety Engineers require, at the very minimum, a bachelor’s degree. It should be in recognized engineering subjects such as electrical engineering, mechanical, civil, chemical and so on. Industrial hygiene may be a suitable substitute where possible too. Essentially, you are looking for science and design subjects centered on engineering. As this is a practical role, students should choose those degree programs that include an extensive program of on the job experience. Students should enter college already with strong grades in math and the hard sciences (chemistry, biology, physics or any combination thereof). Recommended minor and elective choices should focus on workplace safety, environmental health and other engineering and safety associated choices. Whichever degree you take, ensure that it is ABET accredited.

    Masters degrees will be required for those who wish to work on more complex problems and contracts, or to manage their own projects. A master’s is advisable in most cases, but not essential, especially in geographical areas where competition is likely to be higher. Doctorates are not essential unless the candidate expects to enter a career in research and teaching.

    Health & Safety Engineering – Related Degrees

    What Kind Of Societies and Professional Organizations Do Health and Safety Engineers Have?

    This area is vital to our every day lives. Therefore, there are a number of professional bodies that include:

    • American Society of Safety Engineers: ASSE claims to be the oldest safety engineering body in the world and is the best-known in the US. It provides access to professional development and advocates for people who work in this area
    • Safety and Health Institute: This global body has divisions in each country. They offer training courses and professional development for their members and bring together a global community

    HOW TO Apply for VISA to Canada In Nigeria!

                             HOW TO Apply for VISA to Canada In Nigeria!

    SUBMIT YOUR APPLICATION IN-PERSON

    Effective 31 July 2018, you may need to give your fingerprints and photos (biometrics) at a Visa Application Centre when you apply for a visitor visa, study or work permit, or permanent residence if you are a national of a country or territory in Europe, the Middle East or Africa, or if you are a national of a country that is already biometrics required. Visit Canada.gc.ca/biometrics for more information.

    Scheduling an appointment for Biometric Enrolment is optional – walk-in clients are always welcome to submit their biometrics without a prior appointment. Note however that a planned visit with a preferred time slot via an appointment at the Visa Application Centre guarantees prompt service, thus eliminating longer waiting time resulting in inconvenience. You can schedule an appointment at the nearest Visa Application Centre, either through the VAC website or by calling the call center at +2348150199900.

    • However, permanent residence applicants will need to give biometrics with each application.
    • If you have applied for a temporary resident visa, study or work permit in the past and are unsure if the biometrics have been provided, Please refer to the IRCC website (Canada.gc.ca/biometrics), and “Find out if your biometrics are still valid”
    • Refer to the IRCC website for a list of visa-required countries for temporary residents: https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/visit-canada/entry-requirements-country.html
    • For the purposes of biometric collection, nationality is based on the nationality you have declared in question number 6 (*Citizenship) on the IRCC application form.
    • Applicants who have submitted an application online to IRCC must present a Biometric Instruction Letter to enrol their biometrics. To find out more about biometrics visit the IRCC website
    • Applicants applying in person at a VAC do not need to present a Biometric Instruction Letter.
      • Nationals from Europe, Africa and the Middle East and those who are already biometrics required from Asia and the Americas only need to provide biometrics once every 10 years for temporary resident visa, study or work permit applications. However these permanent resident applicants will need to give biometrics regardless of whether they gave biometrics in the past.

    Step 1 :

    Read complete information on the visa/permit requirements on the IRCC website and download the appropriate application forms and checklist relevant to the purpose of your visit. Please refer to the Prepare Your Application page to obtain details on visas/permits.

    Find out if you need to give your biometrics.

    Step 2 :

    Fill out the application form and other relevant documents electronically and print.

    Forms (including the barcoded sheets) are to be printed on a white, bond quality, non-glossy paper, using a laser printer.

    If you are unable to provide all the supporting documents as mentioned in the official IRCC document checklist, you are required to fill out and sign the waiver form and attach it with your application form.

    Failure to provide a completed and signed waiver form may result in additional delays or refusal of your application for a visa, permit or travel document.

    Step 3 :

    Read the attached privacy policy, fill out the VFS consent form and attach it with your application form.
    IMPORTANT: If a completed and signed VFS consent form is not included with the application, we will NOT be able to assist you, and your application will be returned to you.

    Step 4 :

    Pay visa fees and biometric fee, if required, as per instructions in the Canadian Visa Office website.

    Please note that when submitting application via the CVAC, in person or by mail, visa fees must be paid in addition to CVAC (VFS Global) service charge.

    Step 5 :

    Visit your local Canada Visa Application Centre (CVAC), make sure you bring your passport, photographs, completed forms and all supporting documents and photocopies as per checklist and IRCC fee and payment instructions. Applicable service charges will be levied. Please ensure you bring an accepted method of payment.

    Important Note: If you need to give your biometrics, the CVAC will collect your biometrics at the same time you submit your application. DO NOT submit your application by mail to this CVAC.

    Step 6 :

    Once you are at CVAC, pay the service charges, hand your complete application and obtain a receipt. This receipt contains a unique tracking number which you will need to track the progress of your application online.

    Important Note: If you need to provide biometrics, your $85 CAD biometric fee covers the CVAC service charge for application handling.

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    BEST QUALITIES OF SAMSUNG PHONES AND TABLETS!

         BEST QUALITIES OF SAMSUNG PHONES AND TABLETS!

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    HOW TO MAINTAIN SAFETY AT WORKING AREA!