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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) technical guidance: Infection prevention and control

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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) technical guidance:

Infection prevention and control

Infection prevention and control during health care when novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection is suspected

This is the first edition of guidance on infection prevention and control (IPC) strategies for use when infection with a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is suspected. It has been adapted from WHO’s Infection prevention and control during health care for probable or confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, based on current knowledge of the situation in China and other countries where cases were identified and experiences with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and MERS-CoV.

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Infection Prevention and Control for the safe management of a dead body in the context of COVID-19

This interim guidance is for all those, including managers of health care facilities and mortuaries, religious and public health authorities, and families, who tend to the bodies of persons who have died of suspected or confirmed COVID-19.

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IPC guidance for long-term care facilities in the context of COVID-19

The objective of this interim guidance is to provide guidance on Infection Prevention and Control in Long-Term Care Facilities (LTCF) in the context of COVID-19 to prevent COVID-19-virus from entering the facility, spreading within the facility, and spreading to outside the facility. This guidance is for LTCF managers and corresponding IPC focal persons in LTCF.

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Consideration for quarantine of individuals in the context of containment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

The purpose of this document is to offer guidance to Member States on quarantine measures for individuals in the context of COVID-19. It is intended for those responsible for establishing local or national policy for quarantine of individuals, and adherence to infection prevention and control measures.

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Health workers exposure risk assessment and management in the context of COVID-19 virus

This tool is to be used by health care facilities that have either cared for or admitted COVID-19 patients; it is to be completed for all health workers who have been exposed to a confirmed COVID-19 patient in a health care facility. It will help determine the risk of COVID-19 virus infection of all HCWs who have been exposed to a COVID-19 patient and then provides recommendations for appropriate management of these HCWs, according to their infection risk.

Find below the links to the template for collecting the data contained within the tool and a corresponding data dictionary to facilitate the collection of this data.

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– Access to the data template

– Access to the data dictionary

Rational use of personal protective equipment for coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

This document summarizes WHO recommendations for the rational use of personal protective equipment (PPE), in health care and community settings, including the handling of cargo. This document is intended for those involved in the distribution and management of PPE, as well as public health authorities and individuals in health care and community settings to understand when PPE use is most appropriate.

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Advice on the Use of Masks

This document provides rapid advice on the use of medical masks in communities, at home and at health care facilities in areas that have reported outbreaks caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (nCoV). It is intended for public health and infection prevention and control (IPC) professionals, health care managers, health care workers and community health workers.

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Home care for patients with suspected novel coronavirus (nCoV) infection presenting with mild symptoms and management of contacts

WHO has developed this rapid advice note to meet the need for recommendations on the safe home care for patients with suspected novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection presenting with mild symptoms and public health measures related to management of asymptomatic contacts.

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Q&A on infection prevention and control for health care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV

Are boots, impermeable aprons, or coverall suits required as routine person protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare workers (HCW) caring for patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV infection? Can disposable medical face masks be sterilized and reused? Do patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV need to be hospitalized if they have mild illness? Here you will find answers to these and other questions related to infection prevention and control for health care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV.

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Water, sanitation, hygiene and waste management for COVID-19

This Technical Brief supplements existing IPC documents by referring to and summarizing WHO guidance on water, sanitation and health care waste which is relevant for viruses (including coronaviruses). This Technical Brief is written in particular for water and sanitation practitioners and providers.

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Guide to local production of WHO-recommended Handrub Formulations

Part A is intended to guide a local producer in the actual preparation of the formulation.

Part B contains important safety and cost information and incorporates information from the WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care (2009).

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For any questions related to COVID-19 and infection prevention and control (IPC), please contact: WHEipc@who.int

DO THE FIVE
Help stop coronavirus
1

HANDSWash them often

2

ELBOWCough into it

3

FACEDon’t touch it

4

SPACEKeep safe distance

5

HOMEStay if you can

Coronavirus (COVID-19) map
Updated less than 9 minutes ago
Statistics
Location
Confirmed
Cases per 1M people
Recovered
Deaths
Worldwide 766,336 108.76 160,001 36,873
United States 155,705 476.04 4,913 2,810
Italy 101,739 1,610.68 14,620 11,591
Spain 85,199 1,719.44 16,780 7,424
China 81,470 59.32 75,770 3,304
Germany 64,527 785.6 6,522 568
Iran 41,495 512.33 13,911 2,757
France 40,174 594.59 7,202 2,606
United Kingdom 22,141 341.19 135 1,408
Switzerland 15,923 2,346.79 2,105 354
Belgium 11,899 1,154.43 1,527 513
Netherlands 11,750 721.56 0 864
Turkey 10,827 129.35 162 168
South Korea 9,661 189.28 5,228 158
Austria 9,541 1,217.59 636 108
Canada 7,300 211.27 956 70
Portugal 6,408 600.18 43 140
Norway 4,445 834.13 0 32
Israel 4,347 381.21 132 15
Brazil 4,330 21.01 120 140
Australia 4,247 185.55 226 18
Sweden 4,106 408.48 18 161
Czechia 2,956 277.56 25 23
Denmark 2,755 496.49 0 77
Malaysia 2,626 79.03 479 37
Ireland 2,615 500.65 5 46
Chile 2,139 122.37 75 7
Poland 2,055 55.27 35 31
Luxembourg 1,988 2,483.18 40 22
Romania 1,952 90.94 209 46
Ecuador 1,890 114.16 3 57
Japan 1,866 14.72 404 54
Russia 1,836 12.82 66 9
Pakistan 1,690 8.41 53 18
Philippines 1,546 14.83 42 78
Thailand 1,524 22.76 127 9
Saudi Arabia 1,453 51.39 115 8
Indonesia 1,414 5.43 75 122
South Africa 1,326 23.91 31 3
Finland 1,308 241.04 10 13
India 1,251 0.99 102 32
Greece 1,212 112.45 52 43
Iceland 1,020 3,017.85 135 2
Mexico 993 7.88 3 20
Panama 989 268.37 4 24
Peru 950 30.3 16 18
Singapore 879 187.9 228 3
Dominican Republic 859 81.06 3 39
Argentina 820 18.05 51 20
Croatia 790 168.58 64 6
Serbia 785 97.34 42 16
Slovenia 756 431.16 10 11
Estonia 715 558.86 20 3
Colombia 702 14.85 10 10
Qatar 693 299.93 51 1
Hong Kong 682 66.34 124 4
Egypt 656 6.55 132 41
Iraq 630 15.42 152 46
United Arab Emirates 611 116.4 61 5
Algeria 584 14.1 31 35
New Zealand 552 123.15 63 1
Ukraine 548 12.78 8 13
Morocco 534 15.89 14 33
Bahrain 515 368.12 295 4
Lithuania 484 162.25 1 7
Armenia 482 191.73 30 3
Hungary 447 44.66 34 15
Lebanon 446 71.83 35 11
Latvia 376 200.32 1 0
Bulgaria 359 53.82 15 8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 358 109.29 17 9
Slovakia 336 56 7 0
Andorra 334 4,384.53 6 6
Costa Rica 314 62.3 3 2
Tunisia 312 27.72 2 8
Uruguay 309 95.07 0 1
Taiwan 306 12.83 39 5
Kazakhstan 302 15.52 21 1
North Macedonia 285 137.21 12 7
Azerbaijan 273 25.99 26 4
Kuwait 266 94.05 72 0
Jordan 259 29.5 18 4
Burkina Faso 246 12.7 31 12
Moldova 245 62.4 13 2
San Marino 230 6,897.79 13 25
Cyprus 225 182.11 18 6
Réunion 224 261.43 0 0
Albania 223 74.28 44 11
Vietnam 203 2.07 55 0
Oman 179 42.53 29 0
Cuba 170 15.26 4 4
Faroe Islands 168 3,315.57 70 0
Côte d’Ivoire 165 6.95 4 1
Senegal 162 10.87 28 0
Malta 156 368.88 2 0
Belarus 152 15.76 47 0
Ghana 152 5.3 2 5
Uzbekistan 149 5.5 7 2
Cameroon 139 5.7 5 6
Honduras 139 15.14 0 3
Venezuela 129 4.09 39 3
Mauritius 128 94.07 0 3
Brunei 127 368.61 38 1
Sri Lanka 122 5.44 14 2
Afghanistan 120 3.57 2 4
Palestine 115 22.76 18 1
Nigeria 111 0.57 3 2
Cambodia 107 6.82 23 0
Guadeloupe 106 260.6 0 4
Georgia 103 21.75 20 0
Bolivia 97 8.75 0 4
Kyrgyzstan 94 12.93 3 0
Martinique 93 239.62 0 1
Montenegro 91 151.95 0 1
Kosovo 88 50.99 1 1
Mayotte 82 358.41 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 82 67.37 1 3
Democratic Republic of the Congo 81 0.92 2 8
Jersey 81 790.9 0 2
Rwanda 70 6.14 0 0
Gibraltar 65 3,100.11 14 0
Liechtenstein 64 619.54 0 0
Paraguay 64 9.22 1 3
Northern Cyprus 61 187.12 29 1
Guernsey 60 945.79 0 0
Aruba 50 464.48 0 0
Kenya 50 1.03 1 1
Bangladesh 49 0.29 19 5
Isle of Man 49 557.22 0 0
Monaco 46 1,201.04 1 0
French Guiana 43 150.79 0 0
Madagascar 39 1.56 0 0
Macao 38 68.38 10 0
Guatemala 36 2.45 10 1
Jamaica 36 12.01 2 1
French Polynesia 35 122.72 0 0
Zambia 35 2.3 0 0
Togo 34 4.17 10 1
Barbados 33 113.4 0 0
Uganda 33 0.91 0 0
El Salvador 30 4.67 0 0
Mali 25 1.32 0 2
Ethiopia 23 0.22 1 0
Bermuda 22 306.87 10 0
Guinea 22 1.79 0 0
Niger 22 1.27 0 3
Republic of the Congo 19 5.56 0 0
Tanzania 19 0.34 1 0
Djibouti 18 23.34 0 0
Maldives 17 43.94 11 0
New Caledonia 15 53.72 0 0
Saint Martin 15 208.52 0 1
Myanmar (Burma) 14 0 0
The Bahamas 14 42.39 0 0
Cayman Islands 12 205.34 0 1
Equatorial Guinea 12 17.56 0 0
Eritrea 12 1.86 0 0
Mongolia 12 4.06 0 0
Curaçao 11 73.51 0 1
Dominica 11 155.86 0 0
Namibia 11 5.23 2 0
Greenland 10 176.11 2 0
Eswatini 9 7.92 0 0
Grenada 9 81.57 0 0
Saint Lucia 9 54.02 0 0
Syria 9 0.54 0 1
Guinea-Bissau 8 4.66 0 0
Guyana 8 11.08 0 1
Haiti 8 0.74 0 0
Laos 8 0.89 0 0
Libya 8 1.19 0 0
Mozambique 8 0.31 0 0
Seychelles 8 82.88 0 0
Suriname 8 13.92 0 0
Angola 7 0.24 0 2
Antigua and Barbuda 7 73.66 0 0
Gabon 7 3.6 0 1
Saint Kitts and Nevis 7 131.82 0 0
Zimbabwe 7 0.5 0 1
Benin 6 0.62 0 0
Cape Verde 6 10.71 0 1
Sint Maarten 6 0 0
Sudan 6 0.16 0 2
Vatican City 6 0 0
Chad 5 0.41 0 0
Fiji 5 5.41 0 0
Mauritania 5 1.56 0 0
Montserrat 5 0 0
Nepal 5 0.13 1 0
Saint Barthélemy 5 0 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 5 96.19 0 0
Åland Islands 5 169.46 0 0
Bhutan 4 7.31 0 0
Nicaragua 4 0.68 0 1
The Gambia 4 1.72 0 1
Belize 3 6.39 0 0
Botswana 3 1.73 0 0
Central African Republic 3 0.58 0 0
Liberia 3 0.54 0 0
Somalia 3 0.29 0 0
Anguilla 2 144.16 0 0
British Virgin Islands 2 55.35 0 0
Papua New Guinea 1 0.14 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 9.97 1 0
Timor-Leste 1 0.68 0 0
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